EU project HAIRS


This project is funded via the FP7-ICT-2013-X action. The project started in February 2013 and covers the period from February 2013 to January 2016.

Goal of the project – short description

The goal of this network is to design a viable solution for the coupling between quantum states in atoms to solid-state quantum devices. The realization of such a quantum interface represents a major breakthrough for information science, as it enables the development of a powerful hybrid architecture, where long-lived states of atoms store quantum information that can be processed rapidly using superconducting quantum circuits. Within such a hybrid approach, the problem of scalability, fast information processing and long-time storage of quantum information can all be solved on a single integrated platform. The major obstacle, thus far, has been to find a suitable quantum interface between atoms (memory) and the surface of the solid-state device (processor), hampered by too low coupling strengths and/or too fast information loss due to fluctuating atom-surface interactions. In this project, we propose to develop and implement a novel approach that solves both of these problems simultaneously. On the one hand, we will make use of the strong microwave transition between highly-excited, atomic Rydberg states to achieve strong coupling to a superconducting stripline cavity. On the other hand, the key point of this proposal is to exploit the enormous interactions between Rydberg atoms for collective encoding of quantum information in large ensembles that will be immunized against parasitic field fluctuations by the strong interactions.


Figure 1Hybrid quantum information architecture combining an ensemble of atoms (quantum memory) close to a surface and a resonant super-conducting circuit (fast processor). The two systems are coupled by a co-planar waveguide cavity patterned on the surface and the coherent coupling is ensured by controlled excitation of the atoms from the long-lived memory states to Rydberg states. The controlled interaction between Rydberg atoms (Udd) will allow us to design collective many-atom states that show enhanced cavity coupling, but which are less sensitive to surface noise.


The project gathers five groups within a consortium that combines strong experimental and theoretical expertise in all the necessary areas and contributes complementary setups for state-of-the-art experiments on cold Rydberg atoms and superconducting quantum circuits.

Institut d’Optique, Palaiseau, France (coordinating node, P.I. Antoine Browaeys).
Tübingen University, Germany (P.I. Jozsef Fortagh).
Durham University, UK (P.I. Matthew Jones).
Nottingham University, UK (P.I. Igor Lesanovsky).
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden, Germany (P.I. Thomas Pohl).

News from the project

  • January 17/18 2017: the final workshop of HAIRS takes place at the University of Nottingham. Lots of active discussions!


  • June 2016: the Palaiseau team uses its atom assembler to draw the European Flag with single atoms:


  • March 15, 2016: Antoine Browaeys (coordinator of HAIRS) takes part in the science broadcast “La tête au carré” on the French National Radio (France Inter, ~1 million live listeners). You can listen again to the broadcast here.
  • March 2016: An article in the magazine La Recherche summarizes the activities of the CNRS-IO group for the general public. Another article in Reflets de la Physique (the journal of the French Physics Society) is written for a more specialized audience of physicists.
  • November 12/13 2015: the second workshop of the project takes place at the University of Tübingen.
  • April 7/8th 2014: the kick-off meeting of the project took place at the Institut d’Optique in Palaiseau, France



J.D. Thompson, T. L. Nicholson, Q.-Y. Liang, S. H. Cantu, A. V. Venkatramani, S. Choi, I. A. Fedorov, D. Viscor, T. Pohl, M. D. Lukin, V. Vuletić,
Symmetry-protected collisions between strongly interacting photons,
Nature (In press), DOI: 10.1038/nature20823 (2017).

W. Abdussalam, D. Viscor, J. Fortágh, A. Browaeys, T. Lahaye, T. Pohl,
Protection of a Rydberg atoms-superconducting cavity interface against local noise using dipole-dipole interactions,
in preparation (2017).

M.Stecker, H. Schefzyk, J. Fortágh, A. Günther,
A high resolution ion microscope for cold atoms
to appear in New J. Phys., arXiv: 1701.02915

P. Federsel, C. Rogulj, T. Menold, Z. Darazs, P. Domokos, A. Günther and J. Fortágh,
Noise Spectroscopy with a Quantum Gas
Phys. Rev. A, under consideration

J. Grimmel et al.,
Ionization spectra of highly Stark shifted Rubidium Rydberg states
in preparation, to be submitted to New. J. Phys.

H. Hattermann, D. Bothner, L.Y. Ley, B. Ferdinand, D. Widmayer, L. Sárkány, R. Kleiner, D. Koelle, and J. Fortágh,
Coupling ultracold atoms to a superconducting coplanar waveguide resonator
in preparation, to be submitted to Nat. Commun.

M. Marcuzzi, J. Minár, D. Barredo, S. de Léséleuc, H. Labuhn, T. Lahaye, A. Browaeys, E. Levi, and I. Lesanovsky,
Facilitation Dynamics and Localization Phenomena in Rydberg Lattice Gases with Position Disorder
Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 063606 (2017).

B. Everest, I. Lesanovsky, J. P. Garrahan and E. Levi
Role of interactions in a dissipative many-body localized system
to appear in Physical Review B (2017), arXiv: 1605.07019.

M. Buchhold, B. Everest, M. Marcuzzi, I. Lesanovsky and S. Diehl
Nonequilibrium effective field theory for absorbing state phase transitions in driven open quantum spin systems
to appear in Physical Review B (2017), arXiv: 1611.02283.

R. Gutierrez, C. Simonelli, M. Archimi, F. Castellucci, E. Arimondo, D. Ciampini, M. Marcuzzi, I. Lesanovsky and O. Morsch
Experimental signatures of an absorbing-state phase transition in an open driven many-body quantum system

P. Sadler, E. M. Bridge, D. Boddy, A. D. Bounds, N. C. Keegan, G. Lochead, and M. P. A. Jones,
Radiation trapping in a dense cold Rydberg gas
Phys. Rev. A 95, 013839 (2017).


C. R. Murray, A. V. Gorshkov, T. Pohl,
Many-body decoherence dynamics and optimized operation of a single-photon switch,
New J. Phys. 18, 092001 (2016).

F. Maucher, T. Pohl, S. Skupin, W. Krolikowski,
Self-organization of light in optical media with competing nonlinearities,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 163902 (2016).

C. Gaul, B. J. DeSalvo, J. A. Aman, F. B. Dunning, T. C. Killian, and T. Pohl,
Resonant Rydberg Dressing of Alkaline-Earth Atoms via Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 243001 (2016).

N. Šibalić, C. G. Wade, C. S. Adams, K. J. Weatherill, and T. Pohl,
Driven-dissipative many-body systems with mixed power-law interactions: Bistabilities and temperature-driven nonequilibrium phase transitions,
Phys. Rev. A 94, 011401(R) (2016).

J. Zeiher, R. van Bijnen, P. Schauß, S. Hild, J. Choi, T. Pohl, I. Bloch, C. Gross,
Many-body interferometry of a Rydberg-dressed spin lattice,
Nature Phys. 12, 1095 (2016).

E. M. Bridge, N. C. Keegan, A. D. Bounds, D. Boddy, D. P. Sadler, and M. P. A. Jones,
Tunable cw UV laser with Opt. Exp. 24 2281, (2016).

R. Kliese, N. Hoghooghi, T. Puppe, F. Rohde, A. Sell, A. Zach, P. Leisching, W. Kaenders, N. C. Keegan, A. D. Bounds, E. M. Bridge, J. Leonard, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, M. P.A. Jones,
Difference-frequency combs in cold atom physic,
Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 225, 2775 (2016).

E. Levi, J. Minar and I. Lesanovsky
Crystalline structures in a one-dimensional two-component lattice gas with 1/r^α interactions
J. Stat. Mech., P033111 (2016).

K. Macieszczak, M. Guta, I. Lesanovsky and J.P. Garrahan
Dynamical phase transitions as a resource for quantum enhanced metrology
Phys. Rev. A 93, 022103 (2016).

B. Everest, M. Marcuzzi and I. Lesanovsky
Atomic loss and gain as a resource for non-equilibrium phase transitions in optical lattices
Phys. Rev. A 93, 023409 (2016). Editor’s Suggestion.

M. M. Valado, C. Simonelli, M. D. Hoogerland, I. Lesanovsky, J.P. Garrahan, E. Arimondo, D. Ciampini and O. Morsch
Experimental observation of controllable kinetic constraints in a cold atomic gas
Phys. Rev. A 93, 040701 (2016). Editor’s Suggestion

E. Levi, M. Heyl, I. Lesanovsky and J.P. Garrahan
Robustness of many-body localization in the presence of dissipation
Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 237203 (2016).

K. Macieszczak, M. Guta, I. Lesanovsky and J.P. Garrahan
Towards a theory of metastability in open quantum dynamics
Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 240404 (2016).

M. Marcuzzi, M. Buchhold, S. Diehl and I. Lesanovsky
Absorbing state phase transition with competing quantum and classical fluctuations
Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 245701 (2016).

H. Gorniaczyk, C. Tresp, P. Bienias, A. Paris-Mandoki, W. Li, I. Mirgorodskiy, H. P. Büchler, I. Lesanovsky and S. Hofferberth
Enhancement of Rydberg-mediated single-photon nonlinearities by electrically tuned Förster resonances
Nature Comm. 7, 12480 (2016).

E. Levi, R. Gutierrez and I. Lesanovsky
Quantum non-equilibrium dynamics of Rydberg gases in the presence of dephasing noise of different strengths
J. Phys. B 49, 184003 (2016).

R. Gutierrez, J.P. Garrahan and I. Lesanovsky
Non-equilibrium fluctuations and metastability arising from non-additive interactions in dissipative multi-component Rydberg gases
New J. Phys. 18, 093054 (2016).

B. Everest, M. Marcuzzi, J. P. Garrahan and I. Lesanovsky
Emergent kinetic constraints, ergodicity breaking, and cooperative dynamics in noisy quantum systems
Phys. Rev. E 94, 052108 (2016).

D. C. Rose, K. Macieszczak, I. Lesanovsky and J. P. Garrahan
Metastability in an open quantum Ising model
Phys. Rev. E 94, 052132 (2016).

Z. Lan, W. Li and I. Lesanovsky
Quantum melting of two-component Rydberg crystals
Phys. Rev. A 94, 051603 (2016).

R. Stevenson, J. Minář, S. Hofferberth, I. Lesanovsky,
Prospects of charged-oscillator quantum-state generation with Rydberg atoms
Phys. Rev. A 94, 043813 (2016).

J. Minář, S. G. Söyler, I. Lesanovsky
Non-equilibrium dynamics of non-linear Jaynes-Cummings model in cavity arrays
New J. Phys. 18, 053035 (2016).

D. Barredo, S. de Léséleuc, V. Lienhard, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys,
An atom-by-atom assembler of defect-free arbitrary 2d atomic arrays,
Science 354, 1021 (2016).

A. Browaeys, D. Barredo, and T. Lahaye,
Experimental investigations of the dipolar interactions between a few individual Rydberg atoms,
J. Phys. B 49, 152001 (2016).

H. Labuhn, D. Barredo, S. Ravets, S. de Léséleuc, T. Macrì, T. Lahaye and A. Browaeys,
Tunable two-dimensional arrays of single Rydberg atoms for realizing quantum Ising models,
Nature 534, 667 (2016).

H. Labuhn,
Creating arbitrary 2D arrays of single atoms for the simulation of spin systems with Rydberg states
Eur. Phys. J. ST 225, 2817 (2016).


C. L. Vaillant, R. M. Potvliege, and M. P. A. Jones,
Intercombination effects in resonant energy transfer,
Phys. Rev. A 92, 042705 (2015).

L.Sárkány, J.Fortágh, D.Petrosyan,
Long-range quantum gate via Rydberg states of atoms in a thermal microwave cavity
Phys. Rev. A 92, 030303 (R) (2015).

P. Federsel, C. Rogulj, T. Menold, J. Fortágh, and A. Günther,
Spectral response of magnetically trapped Bose gases to weak microwave fields
Phys. Rev. A 92, 033601 (2015).

M. Mack, J. Grimmel,  F. Karlewski, L. Sárkány, H. Hattermann, and J. Fortágh,
All-optical measurement of Rydberg state lifetimes,
Phys. Rev. A 92, 012517 (2015).

W. Li and I. Lesanovsky
Coherence in a cold atom photon switch
Phys. Rev. A 92, 043828 (2015).

Z. Lan, J. Minar, E. Levi, W. Li and I. Lesanovsky
Emergent devil’s staircase without particle-hole symmetry in Rydberg quantum gases with competing attractive and repulsive interactions
Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 203001 (2015).

E. Levi, J. Minar, J.P. Garrahan and I. Lesanovsky
Crystalline structures and frustration in a two-component Rydberg gas
New J. Phys. 17, 123017 (2015).

R. Gutierrez, J.P. Garrahan and I. Lesanovsky
Self-similar nonequilibrium dynamics of a many-body system with power-law interactions
Phys. Rev. E 92, 062144 (2015).

A. Sanayei, N. Schopohl, J. Grimmel, M. Mack, F. Karlewski, and J. Fortágh,
Quasiclassical theory of quantum defect and spectrum of highly excited rubidium atoms
Phys. Rev. A 91, 032509 (2015).

F. Karlewski, M. Mack, J. Grimmel, N. Sándor, and J. Fortágh,
State-selective all-optical detection of Rydberg atoms
Phys. Rev. A 91, 043422 (2015).

R. M. W. van Bijnen and T. Pohl,
Quantum magnetism and topological ordering via Rydberg-dressing near Forster-resonances, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 243002 (2015).

M. F. Maghrebi, N. Y. Yao, M. Hafezi, T. Pohl, O. Firstenberg and A. V. Gorshkov,
Fractional Quantum Hall States of Rydberg Polaritons,
Phys. Rev. A 91, 033838 (2015).

A. Urvoy, F. Ripka, I. Lesanovsky, D. Booth, J.P. Shaffer, T. Pfau and R. Löw,
Strongly correlated growth of Rydberg aggregates in a vapour cell
Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 203002 (2015). Editor’s suggestion.

M. Marcuzzi, E. Levi, W. Li, J.P. Garrahan, B. Olmos, and I. Lesanovsky,
Non-equilibrium universality in the dynamics of dissipative cold atomic gases
New J. Phys. 17, 072003 (2015) .

P. Schauß, J. Zeiher, T. Fukuhara, S. Hild, M. Cheneau, T. Macrì,T. Pohl, I. Bloch and C. Gross,
Crystallization in Ising quantum magnets
Science 347, 1455 (2015).

J. Grimmel, M. Mack, F. Karlewski, F. Jessen, M. Reinschmidt, N. Sándor, J. Fortágh,
Measurement and numerical calculation of Rubidium Rydberg Stark spectra
New J. Phys. 17 053005 (2015).

S. Ravets, H. Labuhn, D. Barredo, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys,
Measurement of the angular dependence of the dipole-dipole interaction between two individual Rydberg atoms at a Förster resonance
Phys. Rev. A 92 020701(R) (2015). Editor’s suggestion.

D. Viscor, W. Li and I. Lesanovsky,
Electromagnetically induced transparency of a single-photon in dipole-coupled one-dimensional atomic clouds
New J. Phys. 17, 033007 (2015).

D. Barredo, H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, T. Lahaye, A. Browaeys, C. S. Adams,
Coherent Excitation Transfer in a Spin Chain of Three Rydberg Atoms
Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 113002 (2015).


L. Vaillant, M. P. A. Jones and R. M. Potvliege ,
Multichannel quantum defect theory of strontium bound Rydberg state,
J. Phys. B 47, 155001 (2014).

L. I. Gil, R. Mukherjee, E. M. Bridge, M. P. A. Jones and T. Pohl,
Spin squeezing in a Rydberg lattice clock,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 103601 (2014).

S. Sevinçli and T. Pohl,
Microwave control of Rydberg atom interactions,
New J. Phys. 16, 123036 (2014).

M. Hoening, W. Abdussalam, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pohl,
Antiferromagnetic long-range order in dissipative Rydberg lattices
Phys. Rev. A 90, 021603(R) (2014).

L. Sárkány, P. Weiss, H. Hattermann, and J. Fortágh
Controlling the magnetic-field sensitivity of atomic-clock states by microwave dressing
Phys. Rev. A 90, 053416 (2014)

E. Levi and I. Lesanovsky
Non-classical correlations in a class of spin chains with long-range interactions and exactly solvable ground states
New J. Phys. 16, 093053 (2014)

B. Olmos, I. Lesanovsky and J. P. Garrahan
Out-of-equilibrium evolution of kinetically constrained many-body quantum systems under purely dissipative dynamics
Phys. Rev. E 90, 042147 (2014)

M. Marcuzzi, E. Levi, S. Diehl, J. P. Garrahan and I. Lesanovsky
Universal nonequilibrium properties of dissipative Rydberg gases
Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 210401 (2014)

M. Marcuzzi, J. Schick, B. Olmos and I. Lesanovsky
Effective dynamics of strongly dissipative Rydberg gases
J. Phys A 47, 482001 (2014)

D. Cano and J. Fortagh,
Multiatom entanglement in cold Rydberg mixtures,
Phys. Rev. A 89, 043413 (2014)

H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys,
Single-atom addressing in microtraps for quantum-state engineering using Rydberg atoms,
Phys.Rev. A 90, 023415 (2014)

S. Ravets, H. Labuhn, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, T. Lahaye, A. Browaeys,
Coherent dipole-dipole coupling between two single atoms at an electronically tuned Förster resonance
Nature Phys., 10 914 (2014).

D. Barredo, S. Ravets, H. Labuhn, L. Béguin, A. Vernier, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, A. Browaeys,
Demonstration of a strong Rydberg Blockade in three-atom systems with anisotropic interactions,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 112 183002 (2014)

F. Nogrette, H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, A. Vernier, T. Lahaye and A. Browaeys,
Single atom trapping in holographic 2D arrays of microtraps with arbitrary geometries,
Phys. Rev. X 4 021034 (2014)